The western region of the state is more advanced in terms of agriculture. Majority of the population depends upon farming as its main occupation. Wheat, rice, sugar cane, pulses, oil seeds and potatoes are its main products. Sugar cane is an important cash crop almost through out the state and sugar mills and other cane crushers who produce gur and Khandsari are common throughout the state. Uttar Pradesh is an important state in so far as horticulture is concerned. Apples and mangoes are produced in the state.
There are different types of minerals and several industries have came up based on the minerals. There are cement plants in the Mirzapur area in the Vindhya region, a bauxite based aluminium plant in the Banda area and copper in Pithora Garh, Almora Chamboli and Tehri Garhwal. In the hills a number of minerals are to be found, mainly non-metallic minerals which are used as industrial raw materials. Coal deposits are found in the Singrauli area. The industries include a large printing establishment units engaged in manufacturing of scales, locks, letter boxes, furniture, badges and belts, leather goods, scissors etc. Handloom, carpet, glass, electrical goods, electro plating, building material industries are also found in the city.
The state is poor in mineral resources. The only considerable deposits are of limestone in Mirzapur, Dehra Dun and Almora districts. These are being quarried and are used largely in cement manufacture. Dolomite occurs in small quantities in Bandal and Varanasi districts, gypsum in Tehri Garhwal, Nainital and Dehra Dun districts, andalusite in Mirzapur district, magnetite in Almora and Pithoragarh districts, pyrophyllite and diaspore in Jhansi and Hamirpur districts, phosphorite in the Musoorie area and bauxite in Karvi tehsil of Banda district and in southern part of Varanasi district. The occurrence of stibnite, a source of antimony has been reported from Chamoli district. At Singrauli in Mirzapur district coalfield is located.
Livestock And Fishery
Uttar Pradesh supports about 15% of the country's total livestock population. Of its livestock in 1961, 15% were cattle, 21% buffaloes, 13% goats and 8% other livestock. Between 1951 and 1956 there was an overall increase of 14% in the livestock population. There are nearly eight lakh hectares of water area, including lakes, tanks, rivers, canals and streams. The fishing area is over two lakh hectares and more than 175 varieties of fish, excluding the sornamental varieties are found. Among them are rohu, hilsa, mahseer, mangar, snow trout and mirror carp.